Last week in Marrakech I bought a couple of interesting silver-plated objects – a sugar-box and tea-caddy made by Richard Wright of Manchester. Wright has, as all Moroccans know, given his name to the silver tea-tray, or rayt, and was also responsible for what must have been enormous exports of silver-plate from the 1830s onwards, perhaps well into the latter part of the century. Wright teapots are common enough, especially 1½ pint plain silver pots. I have also seen 2 pint versions of the same, and others with repoussé flower-decorations. There are much more elaborate 1½ pint (and perhaps larger) sharafia-work teapots with feet, lattice-work engraving and crowns on the lid.
My two boxes are the first I have seen, though I don’t imagine they are enormously rare. It is clear that Richard Wright set out to supply the utensils for the budding tea-trade between England and Morocco. With tea-trays, caddies, sugar boxes and tea-pots he seems to have covered the field: I have also seen an incense-burner, and heard tell of a coffee-pot.
The interesting thing about Wright is that I can find no trace of him in Manchester or anywhere else in England. It is possible that his work came to be imitated in Morocco, and that later Wright pieces are local copies, perhaps made in Fes to capitalize on the popularity of the Wright brand. But the original Wright must have existed. Who was he? His mark appears in no directory of silver plate marks that I have consulted; and his name is absent from trade directories. English museum metalwork departments know nothing of him.
One possibility is that his was a confected identity created or taken over by Jewish or Muslim Moroccan traders in Manchester to brand exports to their home country. The dealer who sold to me in Marrakech last week told me that the sharafia work decoration was applied to silver put out to Jewish metalworkers (presumably in Manchester, though he had no idea of this). Many, perhaps most, Mancunian Moroccans were from Fes, the centre of the fine metal-working trade in Morocco, and later a major centre of tea-pot manufacture.
I’ve attached a few pictures. Do any of my readers have any idea about Richard Wright, or know anything about the silver-plate trade in Morocco? I’d be grateful for any references, anecdotes, photographs or other information. This is his mark, stamped on the base of his export items in English and Arabic:
39 thoughts on “Mancunian silver”
Hello, I’m from morocco and I have a friend who has a similar teapot antique, please what is it’s actual value and thank you, and it’s for sale
To be honest I am not sure of value – these teapots are fairly common, and the simplest ones seen to sell for between 300 and 500 dirhams in the suq. The more sophisticated models are rarer, and I haven’t seen enough to have a clear view on price.
I have nine pieces of Richard Wright tee service. Two trays (different size) two teapots (different ornaments) three boxes (different seize) and two rosewater sprinklers (identic). One of the pots and the three boxes has the same, very nice decoration. I will try to send photo of them.
around 700 DH =)
Vous avez les photos ??
Je suis interesser par vos piece de weight
Si vous les avez toujours
I bought a very similar model in Istanbul at an auction today for a very low price (not even 10 Euros). It was very dirty but when İ cleaned it at home İ realized that it must be silver but it has an Arabic stamp on it which İ don’t understand…İ think it’s a copy of Richard Wright’s but İ’m not sure. The stamp also includes 5 stars and a few more things…İ would like to share a photo but somehow İ can’t upload any here… I wonder if it’s silver or not?
I worked at barker ellis silver co from 1975 to 2000 we where sole producer of richard wright wares for many years,we were a birmingham firm
I have four of these, a 2 pint tea pot, a large tray 24 inches in dia. a large and a small box for tea and sugar. Is there anyone out there with any more info. I would like to know more.
I have too large trays fromm Richard Wright and i would like to know something more about this man and his work. The date is 1777 Richard wright Manchester and there are a story that was related by my family about this pieces who begins when a familiar near the year of 1890? returns to Portugal from Marroco where has happened a large fire and looting and everibody cacth everithing they can etc… This pieces was buried during many years and one day my aunt decide to dig them, because she knows where they are.
The reason to bury the pieces was because her mother dies whith tubercolosis and it was usual people buried the belongings of that peolple.
Jose, thank you for this information. The tray is a very typical Wright piece, and (as I’m sure you know) the Moroccan darija word for a silver tea-tray is ‘rayt’ after him. I am afraid though that the 1777 below or above the trade mark is unlikely to be a date – all old Wright pieces of silver plate have a four-figure number in this position, and I take it to be a serial number, identifying the model. I certainly don’t believe that Wright was working as early as 1777: though I can’t yet demonstrate exactly when the first pieces of plate or silver were made, I think it sas in the 1860s or 1870s. A for the story of Richard Wright himself, I am working on it now and plan to write an article or small book on him and the silver trade. When I do, I’ll announce it on this blog. Thanks for your message.
Hello Martin , i’m a design student in the school of fine art at casablanca , and as i am in my last year , i choose to work on my final study project on the tea ceremony in morocco , so it would be great if i find more informations about Richard wright , his biography , or anything about the moroccan teapot =) ( by the way your article helped me a lot so thank you )
Not a great deal more to say at this point – I am doing some research on Wright here in Morocco and in England, and hope eventually to write a book. But there is very little information easily found at the moment. One thing that’s clear though is that Richard Wright was probably not himself a very important individual – a commission agent rather than a silversmith. I think he had silver plated objects made to order for Moroccan merchants who then exported them to Morocco. What is interesting is that Wright teapots are the first, I think, to have the characteristic ‘Moroccan’ pointy lid; and at least one author believes that the ‘typical Moroccan’ teapot was designed in Manchester.
My name is Hamza El Fasiki, i am Apprentice Artisan in Seffarine Fez and son of a Master Artisan and Lamin ( Head of the Cooper-smith Corporation). I believe we met in the Seffarine square once in 2013 i guess; you were with your son and daughter and i was with a Tourist green hat.
Your post is too great – it opens new critical ideas on Wright. You are totally right. As i begun writing my MA Thesis on Seffarine in 2011, i came across almost no tangible reference on Wright. I do have a perfume article from my father. Yet, the only issue which seems NOT REAL but TRUE is that the Wright as a person and as an entrepreneur ( and even as a business) exists in the mind of the artisans. My father and my family never stops believing in him. There is a fine book which talks about the history of Seffarine and mentions Wright but i could no ship it to Morocco and could not get a PDF Format.
Baptiste Buob, La Dinanderie de Fès. Un artisanat traditionnel dans les temps modernes. Une anthropologie des techniques par le film et le texte, Paris, Ibis Press-Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme, 2009, 420 p. + 30 pl., 2 rabats, et 1 DVD
P.S.: I shall be happy to talk more about him.
You can come to me in casablanca in Morocco I have very rare piece of Richard wright as a foot plate that goes with boxes and screw Therier
I recently purchased this pendant.
It is a talisman typical of Morocco.
I wonder if someone can infer the age from the marks.
Any information will be precious
I have a tea set that may be Moroccan to me it appears to be sterling but there is no 925 or equivalent stamped upon it. The tray has a fairly low serial number (38). Would you like to have pictures and then I can see what you may have to say about it. I would like to know what the marks say…
My name is fassi fihri, my Mothers name is Ziat. Her grand father, el Haj Mhammed ziat was born in Fez Morocco, and leaved in manchester in the end of the 19 century, and the bigining of the 20th . El Haj Ziat was the partner of richard Wright to introduce and adapt his creations for Morocco, and other islamic countrys. El haj ziat create his own silver product nown as “five stars”.
Hi, and thank you very much for this note. I am very interested. I am doing research on Moroccan families (mostly Fasi) in Manchester (and with particular reference to the silver business and Richard Wright). I intend it eventually to become a book. I would be very interested to know more about your family history in Manchester, and whether there is anyone who can tell the story in more detail (either in writing, or perhaps when I am back in Morocco doing research later in the year). Also any documents and photographs that your family has kept relating to Manchester would be of great interest. Best wishes, Martin Rose
my family has a very a large collection of Richard Wright silverware from teapots to many different sizes of trays and other tea/sugar boxes. i am very interested to know more about these objects and Wright himself.I myself cold not find any relevant info about him. i do have one question though? Is all Richard Wright’s work made of silver or is is it silver plated?
good luck with your research.
Dear Khalid, both silver and silver plated. I believe that the oldest examples are silver plate (and this of course remains the most common in the markets because made in much larger numbers than anything else). But there was a top-end market too, in due course, some of it bought by intermediaries for the palace, in which the material was silver or even in some cases gold and crystal. There are also other Richard Wright products – I have seen porcelain coffee-cups and heard tell of marked farbics. Martin
My family has a collection of wright ‘s tea trays the first pieces were bought by our great*3 grandfather Sheikh Beyrouk in 1850. We have two exceptional pieces of 120cm diameter pure silver tea trays.
Hopping to see more information soon…
Very interesting. How sure are you of the date? It’s earlier than I would have expected, so if your ancestor actually bought pieces in 18950 it might put back the first date for the business significantly.
Hello, does the crown stamp illustrate that the piece was palace property?
It is really interesting to hear that you are making a research about The Wright’s work especially about the tea pot and trays. According to what I know personally is that the teapots and trays were made in Mansheter by Moroccan minority that lived there. They used to export the products back to Morocco. Then with the French colonization they put more taxes on any imports that made the Wright go backrupt and and the iteams we have in Morocco Are very unique. I will come back to you as I will contact the right person to provide more informations as he knows more.
Hello Martin, I have here in Canada a set of Moroccan tea pots Wright Manchester with the number 7492 W in bottom. My dad purchased them from a French antique shop in Tangier in 1954. Any idea what the four digit number stands for, and what is the W that follows under the numbers.
These four-figure numbers are catalogue references of some kind. I can’t easily identify them, but they aren’t unique and may be batch numbers. So for example I have two teapots each numbered 7475, which are quite different – one a standard tea-pot of double size, the other engraved and decorated with a free-standing crown around the lid.
Hi Martin, I would like to send a photo of my R. Wright pieces, but I cant upload photos!
Richard Wright was manufactured by Barker Ellis in Birmingham until the 1990s and sold in Morocco by their agent Benjaloon who were the Crown Jewelers. I owned the Company.
Thank you so much for making contact. I would love to be in touch – I learned a good deal more after writing this post which was a bit of a sighting-shot; but ran up against various brick walls too. I’m now retired to England. If you can give me an e-mail or postal address I’ll write more fully. I would very much appreciate a conversation and am delighted to hear from you (I do of course know your name.) Best wishes Martin Rose
I have a copper tray with brass handles Heavily rivited. Underside is tin plated and fragments of tin remain on the top. A circular arabic script stamp at each end on top about 1cm dia. And hand deep engraved script on reverse but not identical to any Wright signiture I have seen yet c1850 all clearly hand worked copper and brass,
Not I think a Wright piece (Wright work was almost all silver plate on copper or argentann – occasionally solid silver.) But we labour under a lot of misapprehensions about Richard Wright, who was not a silversmith at all but a wholesale ironmonger who commissioned silver plate from a Birmingham manufacturer on behalf of Moroccan merchants based in Manchester. Most ‘Wright’ silver was made after his death either by the same Birmingham company, or by imitators in Britain and Morocco. See my recent (or forthcoming?) article in the Journal of North African Studies, ‘Silvery Singing Voices’. The circular stamp should tell you who made it. There is only one Wright trademark, still in use today, and illustrated elsewhere on this blog.
My great great father was the importer of silver in the beginning of 1900 in mazagan (el jadida) his name was abdelaziz guessous and he had half of the wright company auctions. But the company was sold to the barker brothers in Birmingham. So obviously there was an expropriation and that was very common during the 30s in third world countries and i think that’s why there are only few informations about that. My greatfather keep those auctions as souvenir i think but it was long time ago…
Hello, my friend is with me. We browsed the Internet by entering the number below the jug with the name Richard Wright in English Manchester 7475 and other similar writings to it, and it is not in a good condition. Do you think it could be of any value or not? Sorry, brother, thank you much
Probably not much value, but it’s a nice symbol of Anglo-Moroccan history.
The whole Wright story, as far as it is recoverable, is set out in my recent article in The Journal of North African Studies (January 2022, vol 27 no 1). Best wishes, Martin